Hypothyroidism is a medical condition where an adult’s thyroid gland in producing an inadequate number of thyroid hormones to meet the body’s needs. The condition has widespread repercussions throughout the body. To make thyroid hormone, the thyroid gland utilizes iodine. The thyroid needs 60 micrograms of iodine every day to make an adequate supply of thyroid hormone. The average American gets at least four times this amount of iodine in their diet, iodine deficiencies are rare.

The main function of the thyroid is to control the body’s metabolism. If a person’s body does not have enough thyroid hormone in their bloodstream, the body’s metabolism slows down. When this scenario occurs, it is known as known as underactive thyroid disease. It is a relatively common occurrence that affects a wide variety of individuals at some point in their lives.

The symptoms of a underactive thyroid may include fatigue, reduced sexual desire, forgetfulness, constipation, and an intolerance to cold. These very symptoms are what makes this condition difficult to diagnose. These are the symptoms of a variety of ailments, and some people attribute these symptoms to general aging as the symptoms tend to develop slowly over a period of time. A doctor can do a blood test if they believe it is warranted and prescribe thyroid medicines which may have to be taken for a lifetime.